THIRD WORLD CONFERENCE ON 3D FABRICS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
(April 20-21, 2011)


Following conferences in Britain and USA and after a two-year break, the Third World Conference on 3D Fabrics and their Applications was held in Wuhan in the middle of China, but with English as the official language. The conference was organised by Professor John W S Hearle and Dr Xiaogang Chen, Chairman and Managing Director of TexEng Software Ltd, both of whom are associated with the Textiles and Paper Group of the School of Materials, University of Manchester, UK. The hosts, who were generous with their support and hospitality, were Wuhan Textile University, represented by Professors Gang Shang, Chairman of the Board, Yiliang Wei, President, and Weilin Xu, Vice-President. Students were extremely helpful during the running of the conference, including meeting foreign delegates at the airport and looking after their needs. Over 50 delegates, almost all from academia, attended the conference. The first conference in Manchester in 2008 had brought in many people from industry, but, due to travel restrictions in the recession, there few in Greenville in 2009. It is hoped that when the conference returns to Europe in 2012, we will again welcome strong industrial participation.

The conference opened with a review of 3D fabrics, past, present and future, by John Hearle. After describing the development of the technology, which has largely been used for custom-made, speciality products, he presented a vision of a new market for mass-produced, woven 3D fabrics for the construction and other industries. Other keynote speakers illustrated the diversity of the field: Frank Ko, University of British Columbia, Canada, on textile structural composites; Dr Nandan Khokar, BITEAM, Sweden, on aligning 3D fabric-forming processes with industrial requirements; Xiaogang Chen, University of Manchester, UK, on manufacturing 3D fabrics on commercial machinery; Alan Prichard, Prichard Consulting LLC, formerly of Boeing Company, USA, on potential for 3D fabrics in aircraft composites; Subhash Anand, University of Bolton, UK, on development of 3D structures for venous leg ulcer management. Unfortunately, Andrew Walker of Manchester University, who was due to speak on growth opportunities for composites, was unable to come to Wuhan, but the audience enjoyed a video presentation of his talk. Chinese speakers included Yanping Liu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China, on identifying and modelling the deformation mechanism of warp knitted spacer fabric in compression, Bohong Gu, Donghua University, Shanghai, on ballistic penetration damages of 3D orthogonal and 3D angle-interlock woven fabrics, and a PhD student from Nottingham University, UK, Xueliang Xiao, on modeling of through-thickness permeability for 3D woven fabrics. These and some other papers will be published in a special issue of Research Journal of Textiles and Apparel. The full proceedings were published in a 266 page book by World Academic Union.

PROGRAMME

20 April 2011
8:30 - 9:00am Opening Ceremony
Chaired by Professor Weilin Xu, Vice President of Wuhan Textile University, Vice Chairman of Programme Committee


8:30 – 8:40am

Welcome, by Professor Gang Shang, Head of Management Board, Wuhan Textile University, Vice Chairman of International Advisory Committee

8:40 – 8:55am

Introduction to Wuhan Textile University, by Professor Yiliang Wei, President of Wuhan Textile University, Vice Chairman of Conference

8:45 – 9:00am

Welcome and Opening of Conference, by Professor John Hearle, Emeritus Professor of the University of Manchester, Chairman of Conference

9:00 – 10:10am Keynote Speeches
Chaired by Dr Xiaogang Chen, University of Manchester and TexEng Software Ltd, Specially Invited Professor of Wuhan Textile University, Co-Chair of Conference


9:00 – 9:35am

A review of 3D fabrics: past, present and future.
John Hearle, Chairman of TexEng Software Ltd, UK

9:35 – 10:10am

Textile Structural Composites.
Frank Ko, University of British Columbia, Canada

10:10 – 10:30am Break (tea, coffee, and soft drinks)
10:30 am – 12:20 pm Parallel Session 1A - Manufacture and design of 3D woven fabrics (1)


10:30 – 11:05 am

Keynote: Aligning 3D fabric-forming processes with industrial requirements.
Dr Nandan Khokar, BITEAM, Sweden

11:05 – 11:30 am

3D multilayered fabrics woven on multirapier looms.
Mr Geert DeClercq, University College Ghent, Belgium

11:30 – 11:55 am

A LabVIEW-based motion control system for Z-pin autoinsertion device.
Xiaoxu Wang
, Tianjin Polytechnic University, China. 

11:55 am – 12:20 pm

Design of multi-layer weaves.
Jianbin Nie, Zhongyuan University of Technology, China

10:30 am – 12 -20  pm Parallel Session 1B – 3D Knitted Fabrics


10:30 – 11:05 am

Keynote: 3D seamless preforms for automotive seating applications.
Niall Finn,CSIRO Materials science and Engineering, Geelong, Australia

11:05 – 11:30 am

Identifying and modelling the deformation mechanism of warp knitted spacer fabric in compression.
Yanping Liu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China

11:30 – 11:55 am

Three-dimensional dynamic simulation of weft knitted fabric.
Zhongmin Deng, Wuhan Textile University, China

11:55 am – 12:20 pm

The Trend Analysis of Flat Structure Design of Knitted Dress.
Jing Sun, Tianjin Polytechnic University, China

12:20 – 2:00pm Lunch
 2:00 – 3:50pm Parallel Session 2A - Manufacture and design of 3D woven fabrics (2)


2:00 – 2:35pm

Keynote: Manufacturing 3D fabrics on commercial machinery.
Xiaogang Chen, University of Manchester, UK

2:35 – 3:00pm

Overview of developments in technology and machinery for the manufacture of 3D-woven fabrics.
Yves-Simon Gloy, RWTH Aachen University, Germany

3:00 -3:25pm

Three-dimensional multilayer fabric structures for interactive textiles.
Siw Eriksson and Lena Berglin, University of Borås, Sweden

3:25 – 3:50pm

The design and manufacture of box-shaped fabrics.
Shiyan Lu, Zhongyuan University of Technology, China

2:00 – 3:50pm Parallel Session 2B – Miscellaneous


2:00 – 2:25pm

Preparation and properties of porous hydroxyapatite ceramics scaffolds by three dimensional stacking with homogeneous fibers.
Liefeng Liang,  Southwest University, Chongqing, China

2:25 – 2:50pm

New thermal adaptive cloth using 3D woven fabrics with seamless integrated tubes.
Alexander Buesgen, Niederrhein University of Applied Science, Germany

2:50 -3:15pm

Study on the properties of ramie/epoxy resin.
Shangyong Zhang, Wuhan Textile University, China

3:15 – 3:40pm

The research on making and performance of 3D woven fabric of carbon-glass fiber.
Yanzhen Wang, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, China

3:50 – 4:10pm Break (tea, coffee, and soft drinks)
4:10 – 5:25pm Parallel Session 3A – 3D Fabrics Performance


4:10 – 4:35pm

Ballistic penetration damages of 3D orthogonal and 3D angle-interlock woven fabrics.
Bohong Gu, Donghua University, Shanghai, China

4:35 – 5:00pm

Prediction for bending rigidity of laminated fabric with and without considering tensile and in-plane compressive moduli.
Masayuki Takatera, Shinshu University, Japan

5:00 – 5-25pm

Experimental study on mechanical properties of 3D woven fabrics.
Yifan Zhang, Tianjin Polytechnic University, China

4:10 – 5:50pm Parallel Session 3B - Braids


4:10 – 4:35pm

The geometric characterization of 3D braidings and computer application of their unit cells. Kadir Bilisik, Erciyes University, Turkey

4:35 – 5:00pm

The application prospects of 3D braided composite in sports protective gear. Dongmao Ye, Wuhan Textile University, China

5:00 -5:25pm

Smart braid software for 3D complex braiding design.
George Du, Maquet Cardiovascular, New Jersey, USA

6:30pm Conference Dinner sponsored by Wuhan Textile University
8:30pm Fashion Show by Wuhan Textile University

21 April 2011
8:30 – 10-50am Keynote Speeches
Chaired by Professor John Hearle, Emeritus Professor of the University of Manchester, Chairman of TexEng Software Ltd, Chairman of Conference


8:30 - 9:05am

Growth opportunities for composites.
Andrew Walker, University of Manchester, UK

9:05 – 9:40am

New thermal adaptive cloth using 3D woven fabrics.
Alan Prichard, Prichard Consulting LLC, formerly of Boeing Company, USA

9:40 – 10:15am

Internal structure, mechanical properties and damage behaviour of non-crimp 3D woven orthogonal composites.
Stepan Lomov, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

10:15 – 10:45am Break (tea, coffee, and soft drinks)
10:45-12:15pm Parallel Session 4A – Composites modelling and performance (1)


10:45-11:15am

Modelling of composites containing 3D-woven reinforcement.
Fredrik Stig, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

11:15  – 11:45am

Modeling Methods for Mechanic performance of 3D Woven Composites.
Honglei Yi,  Jiaxing University, China

11:45 – 12-15pm

 Structural design and experimental research of woven textile lattice composites.
Hualin Fan, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

10:45-12:15pm Parallel Session 4B – Medical Applications



10:45-11:15am

Keynote: Development of 3D Structures for Venous Leg Ulcer Management.
Subhash Anand, University of Bolton, UK

11:15 – 11:45am

3D fibrous structures as cardiovascular implants.
Charanpreet Singh, Deakin University, Australia

11:45 – 12:15pm

3D artificial fibre device for highly efficient capture of circulating tumor cells.
Kan Liu, Wuhan Textile University, China

12:15 – 2:00pm Lunch
2:00 – 3:40pm Parallel Session 5A – Composites modelling and performance (2)


2:00 – 2:25pm

Investigation of woven 3D honeycomb composites on their mechanical performances.
Xiaozhou Gong, Wuhan Textile University, China

2:25 – 2:50pm

Study on structure and mechanical properties of epoxy resin matrix composite materials with glass fibres.
Yanmei Li, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, China

2:50 – 3:15pm

Design of intelligent three-dimensional woven basalt fiber composite.
Lihua Lü, Dalian Polytechnic University, China

3:15 – 3:40pm

Relationship between pile height and mechanical properties of three-dimension spacer fabric composites.
Haijian Cao,  Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China.

2:00 – 3:40pm Parallel Session 5B – Applications of 3D fabrics


2:00 – 2:30pm

Riot helmet shells with continuous textile reinforcement for impact protection.
Bilal Zahid, University of Manchester, UK

2:30 – 3:00pm

3D spacer fabrics for insulating oil pipelines.
Dr. Taher Kaddar and Eng. Aous Ibrahim, Albaath University, Hims, Syria

3:00 – 3:30pm

Modeling of through-thickness permeability for 3D woven fabrics.
Xueliang Xiao, University of Nottingham, UK

3:40 – 4:00pm Break (tea, coffee, and soft drinks)
4:00 – 5:15pm Final Session – Modelling of 3D fabrics


4:00 – 4:25pm

Geometrical modeling of 3D Woven structure by Computation method
B.K. Behera, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

4:25 – 4:50pm

Microstructure reconstruction of continuous fibre bundles by using image analysis.
Jinchao Li, Tianjin Polytechnic University, China

4:50 – 5:15pm

Automated finite element Modelling of 3D woven textiles.
Xuesen Zeng, University of Nottingham, UK

5:15 – 5:30pm

Closing of conference.by Chair and Vice-Chairs.


POSTERS

  1. Muhammad Shuakat, Deakin University, Australia. 3D Woven Textile Structures: Current State and Future Prospects Not much original and would duplicate other surveys.
  2. Jianqiang Li, Wuhan Textile University, China. Achieving of a porous multi-layer fabric.
  3. Tianyu Xu, Wuhan Textile University, China. Bionics design of 3D-fabric in hand knitting.
  4. Yun Wang, Taishan Unversity, China. Research of assorted design in textile products of Lu brocade.
  5. Zhang Yue,  Jiangnan University, China. Design of jute fiber reinforced composites with nano Fe2O3-ZnO
  6. Sainan Wei, Tianjin Polytechnic University, China. Style Analysis on 3D Warp-knitted Spacer Fabric for Mattress.
  7. Yufu Shan,  Tianjin Polytechnic University, China. Study on ease thresholds of key locations in young female’s summer suit.
  8. Chen Si,  Tianjin Polytechnic University, China. A Study of Classification of Figure and Sizes for Middle-aged Women of Tianjin area.
  9. Chunyu Liu,  Tianjin Polytechnic University, China. Research and Development of Pattern Retrieval System of Intelligent Clothing.
  10. Richard Acquaye, Takoradi Polytechnic, Ghana. Computer based textile design templates for schools and colleges in Ghana.
  11. Jun Xiao, Wuhan Textile University, China. Design and Manufacture of 3D Nodal Woven Fabrics.
  12. Jisong Wu, Wuhan Textile University, China. Weave Design of Multi-layer Woven Fabrics as Reinforcements to Rubber-based Conveyor Belts.
  13. .Ruquan Zhang, Wuhan Textile University, China. Study on Fabric Sensor with Layered Structure.
  14.  Jianqiang Li, Wuhan Textile University, China. A kind of composite structure filter materials.
  15. Li Lilly, Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Three-dimensional Woven Fabric Based Carrier for Multi-Functional Microcapsule.

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